German-born theoretical physicist, who developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics). He is best known in popular culture for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc².
Einstein was born in Germany, but he fled the country, renounced his citizenship, and settled in the United States in 1933 after the Nazis rose to power, and never returned.
Born: 14 March 1879 in Ulm, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire
Died: 18 April 1955 in Princeton, New Jersey