John Heartfield, born Helmut Herzfeld, was a visual artist who pioneered the use of art as a political weapon. Some of his most famous photomontages were anti-Nazi and anti-fascist statements. Heartfield also created book jackets for book authors, such as Upton Sinclair, as well as stage sets for contemporary playwrights, such as Bertolt Brecht and Erwin Piscator.
Born: 19 June 1891 in Berlin-Schmargendorf, Berlin, German Empire
Died: 26 April 1968 (aged 76) in East Berlin, East Germany