Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet was a French painter who led the Realism movement in 19th-century French painting. Committed to painting only what he could see, he rejected academic convention and the Romanticism of the previous generation of visual artists. His independence set an example that was important to later artists, such as the Impressionists and the Cubists.
Born: 10 June 1819 in Ornans, Doubs, Kingdom of France
Died: 31 December 1877 (aged 58) in La Tour-de-Peilz, Switzerland