Elena Ferrante is a pseudonymous Italian novelist. Ferrante has kept her identity secret since the publication of her first novel in 1992. Speculation as to her true identity has been rife, and several theories have been put forth, based on information Ferrante has given in interviews as well as analysis drawn from the content of her novels. In September 2017, a team of scholars, computer scientists and linguists at the University of Padua analyzed 150 novels written in Italian by 40 different authors, including seven books by Elena Ferrante. Based on analysis using several authorship attribution models, they concluded that Domenico Starnone is the probable author of Ferrante's works.